Dietary Behavior of Toddlers Between 2 To 6 Years in Pakistani Population-A Descriptive Study


  • Munawar Begum Deputy Matron Department of Nursing Pano Aqil Sindh-Pakistan.
  • Farhat Yasmeen Asst/Matron Department of Nursing Quetta-Pakistan.
  • Farzana Yasin Critical Care Nurse Department of Nursing Pano Aqil Sindh-Pakistan.
  • Fozia Ashfaq Asst/Matron Department of Nursing Quetta-Pakistan.



Dietary Behavior, Pakistani Population, Weaning Food


This research explores the dietary behaviour of toddlers aged 2 to 6 years in the Pakistani population, aiming to address the dearth of comprehensive studies in this crucial demographic. The study encompasses a cross-sectional design involving 200 children, combining anthropometric measurements, maternal and socioeconomic factors, breastfeeding practices, and dietary patterns to provide a holistic understanding of stunted growth.

 The findings reveal a 38% incidence of stunted growth, emphasizing the multifaceted nature of child health. Demographically, the study includes a diverse gender distribution (54% males, 46% females) and an age range of 2 to 6 years. Anthropometric measurements showcase variability in weight (8 to 30 kg), height (59 to 118 cm), and BMI (20.683).

 Maternal and socioeconomic factors play a crucial role, with 80.5% of mothers having some formal education, and 57.5% of parents belonging to the low socioeconomic group. Breastfeeding practices are prevalent (76.5%), but variations in exclusive breastfeeding duration (5.03 months) suggest potential influences on growth patterns.

 The Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) delves into dietary habits, indicating inadequate intake of fruits, vegetables, and proteins. Parental food restrictions (58.5%) are driven by concerns about potential indigestion, though no signs of intolerance are evident.

 Statistical analysis establishes associations between stunted growth and socioeconomic status (p<0.001), inadequate intake of fruits (p=0.019), inadequate intake of vegetables (p=0.025), inadequate intake of proteins (p=0.014), and gender (p=0.567).

 This research provides a comprehensive overview of stunted growth in Pakistani children, emphasizing the need for targeted interventions. Recommendations include enhancing maternal education, promoting breastfeeding, and implementing nutrition education for parents. Policy integration, community engagement, and regular growth monitoring are essential for addressing this complex public health challenge.